Grantmaking Fundamentals



This four-part blog series teaches about equivalency determination (ED) and expenditure responsibility (ER)–two essential concepts in grantmaking. Discover why these terms matter and how they differ in practice. The first two blogs break down ED and ER individually, while the third offers a compelling comparison of their strengths and weaknesses. The final blog unpacks the public support test, a critical aspect of ED.


As part of our Grantmaking Fundamentals series, these blogs are packed with vital insights and resources to empower donors like you to make informed decisions and maximize your philanthropic impact.

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